This group of drugs include antioxidants and protivokataraktalnye drugs (monocomponent and combination).
Deterrent cataract development
The active ingredient of the drug (digidroazapentatsin polisulfonat sodium) has an affinity with the SH-groups of soluble proteins of the lens and because of this fact protects them from the degenerative effects of the so-called kvinoidnoy substance. The latter is a product of disturbed metabolism of amino acids such as tryptophan and tyrosine. Medications are used for cataracts of any etiology. Producing kvinaks in bottles of 15 ml. Manufacturer - company Alcon.
The positive effect of the drug based on the oxidizing action of cytochrome C and enrichment of the basis of eye tissues with oxygen. You can apply for cataracts of any etiology. Contraindications - intolerance of cytochrome C produced the drug in vials of 10 ml. Manufacturer - Company Santen.
The drug contains 5 groups of active principles: adenosine triphosphate (ATP), glutathione or cysteine, vitamin B1, nicotinic acid and iodine compounds. Producing it in bottles of 10 ml. Apply with cataracts of any etiology. Manufacturer - firm Ciba Vision Ophthalmics.
Active ingredients - cytochrome C and sodium succinate, which are activators of metabolism and respiration cells, as well as adenosine (stimulates the synthesis of cyclic AMP), nicotinamide (stimulates the synthesis of NAD) dehydrogenases and cofactor (vitamin B2). Together, these components improve the energy level of the lens. Contraindications - the development of allergic conjunctivitis (reaction to cytochrome C). Use in patients with cataracts of any etiology. Producing it in bottles of 10 ml. Manufacturer - firm Ciba Vision Ophthalmics.
Active substances - adenosine, thymidine, cytidine, uridine and 5-disodium-guanozinmo-nofosfat. The combination of these 5 nucleotides attached dropwise properties, allowing their use for the treatment of patients with impaired integrity of the corneal epithelium. The drug has also protivokataraktalnymi properties. Produced the drug in vials of 10 ml. Manufacturer - firm Ciba Vision Ophthalmics.
Active Home - taurine. Mode of action - restorative and antikataraktalnoe. Helps normalize the function of cell membranes, activation of metabolic and energy processes, the preservation of electrolyte composition of the cytoplasm of the cell (due to accumulation of potassium ions and calcium). Produced the drug in a 4% solution in vials of 5 ml. Can be used as a form of eye drops and podkonyunktivalno injections for treatment of patients suffering from degenerative eye diseases.
Enables the biosynthesis of nucleic acids and stimulates the regeneration of the corneal epithelium. Produced the drug in the form of 0,5% eye drops in vials of 5 ml. Manufacturer - Tatkhimpharmpreparaty.
Stimulates the regeneration of corneal epithelium integrity is compromised as a result of mechanical trauma, chemical burns or disease. Produced the drug in the form of 20% of the eye gel, 10% and 20% solution for infusion, as well as solutions for injection firms «Solco» and «Polfa» called solcoseryl, and firm «Nicomed» - Actovegin.
Existing Home - Panthenol. How provitamin quickly penetrates into corneal cells. Activates regeneration and healing. Produced the drug in tubes of 5 and 10 г. manufacturer - company Bausch & Lomb.
Midriatiki and tsikloplegiki
The drug prolonged holinoliticheskoy action. Blocks action of acetylcholine and parasimpatomimeticheskih funds. It acts directly on smooth muscles and secretory glands, which are innervated by cholinergic nerve fibers. Contraindicated in patients with glaucoma. It penetrates through the blood-brain barrier and in overdose can cause a number of complications: motor and mental excitement, convulsions, hallucinations. In addition, because of the strong influence on the peripheral M-cholinergic receptors can reduce salivation and to strengthen the heartbeat. Skin age in some patients allergic dermatitis. Usually used in the form of 0,1% and 0,5% and 1% eye drops. Begins to work through 45-100 min. after installation. Cycloplegia occurs after 1-3 hours and lasts up to 12-14 days. Applied mainly in the treatment of inflammatory diseases of the vascular membrane of the eye, rarely - in order to complete relaxation of accommodation.
The drug, which pharmacologically similar to atropine, but less active. Can be used in the form of 0,25% -0,5% -1% and 2% aqueous solutions for installations in the eye. Pupil dilation and mild cycloplegic occur within 30-60 minutes and completely disappear after 10-20 hours. Contraindicated in patients with glaucoma. Manufacturer - Company Medical Ophthalmics.
The drug, which blocks cholinergic stimulation of the sphincter muscles, and ciliated. It is intermittent mydriasis (after 20-40 minutes after the installation). Duration of up to 4-6 hours. Producing it in the form of 0,5% and 1% eye drops. Contraindicated in patients with glaucoma. Trade name - Midriatsil (company Alcon) and Tropicamide (company Ciech-Polfa Group).
The product belongs to the M-holinoblokatoram, but short-acting. It is for 6-12 hours, and mydriasis in 24 hours cycloplegic. Pharmacological effect occurs within a 15-30 minutes after a single installation of drops in the conjunctival cavity. However, it should be borne in mind that the magnitude of residual accommodation in patients with light iris can be up to 1.0 diopters, and with the dark - 2,0-4,0 dpt. The drug is contraindicated in patients with glaucoma and patients with narrow angle of anterior chamber of the eye. I do not recommend using it when working with children under 3 months. Patients who are sensitive to tsiklopentolatu, you may receive complaints of physical weakness, nausea, psihoasteniyu, inexplicable tearfulness, reduced memory, poor orientation in space and time. Produced the drug in the form of 0,5%, 1% and 2% eye drops. Trade name - Tsiklomed. Manufacturer - Company Promed Exports.
The historical aspect of the priority here belongs to cocaine - alkaloids isolated from leaves Erythroxylon Coca. On the possibility of its use for anesthesia integumentary tissues of the eye was first reported K. Koller September 15, 1884 at the Congress of Ophthalmologists in Gaydelberge. Then, in the same year, N. Knarr already started to produce complex operations on the eyeball under the protection of anesthetic 4% solution of cocaine, injectable retrobulbarno. All local anesthetics inhibit the excitation of sensory receptors, thus preventing the possibility of a flow of painful afferent impulses. The duration of their action is determined by the degree of lipid solubility, and both of these figures are directly proportional. A general disadvantage of local anesthetics is that they violate in some way the integrity of the corneal epithelium.
The drug is used in the form of 0,25% and 0,5% eye drops or ophthalmic medicinal films (the latter in combination with sulfapiridazin sodium and atropine sulfate). Manufacturer - Organics.
Eye drops (0.5%) containing 1 ml of 20 or 40 mg of active substance. Producing in tubes, droppers, 1,5 ml. For wiring and / or infiltration anesthesia is used 1% and 2% of its solution in ampoules of 5 and 10 ml.
Eye drops (0.5%), containing 1 ml of 5 mg of active substance (proparakaina hydrochloride) and preservative. Producing it in bottles of 15 ml. Manufacturer - company Alcon.
Eye drops (0.4%), the active ingredient - oksibuprokain. The drug rapidly accumulates in the cells of the corneal epithelium and provides 10-15 minutes to the effect of anesthesia. In rare cases, can cause the development of an allergic reaction of immediate type in the form of keratitis, iritis, dermatitis. Producing it in vials of 5 ml. Manufacturer - Promed Exports.